Oral Histories PhotoStory

Physical Development; Cognition; and Sensation/Perception


Debbie and I will focus our presentation on several important aspects of learning and cogntion. We will begin our presentation with a PowerPoint concerning characteristics of adult learners and how transitions impact cognition. We will then discuss articles dealing with adult learners' stress and cognition and learning over the course of the life span.

Cognition, coming from the Latin cognoscere, means " to know". In the past fifteen years, there has been a great deal of attention paid to the complex mystery of cognition and learning. Cognition involves our knowing, perceiving, and sensing. Cognition also involves our reasoning and judgement, since we don't actually process everything that we see, hear, touch, or sense.
Hoyer, Rybash, & Roodin (1999) note that the encapsulation model of adult cognitive development consists of our processing, knowing, and thinking.
Processing deals with the way individuals encode, retrieve, and store pieces of information.
Knowing involves how our processing and problem-solving is aided by our knowledge.
Thinking refers to our perception of the knowledge that we have acquired throughout our development.
The process of encapsulation impacts the adult forms of knowing and thinking. As we age, we differentiate information and encapsulate it in specific domains, where it becomes assessable and usable. " Mental capacities appear to decline with age when assessed as general abilities but show minimal age-related decline when assessed within encapsulated domains" (Hoyer, Rybash, & Roodin, 1999, p. 356).

Presentation Outline:

1. Cognition Theory (reference to main Wiki page)
2. Adult Aging and Cognition PowerPoint/Aging video/Transitions activity
3. Debbie's article discussions and PowerPoint presentations
4. Gloria's article discussion and group activity
5. Longevity quiz

Preparations for our discussion on Adult Cognition:


Please click on the physical development link and print the first 2 articles listed under that page - these are the articles that Gloria will discuss. The "Transitions" article will be discussed in the PowerPoint; the "Life Span" article will be discussed as a group.

Debbie will present an overview of two articles: "Intraindividual Coupling of Daily Stress and Cognition" and "Exercise, Experience,and the Aging Brain". These articles are located on the Adult Cognition page.

All other remaining articles listed on the pages are for you to read when and if you have the time, desire, or commitment to do so.

Links to current articles:


Articles on physical development

Articles on Adult cognition

Articles on sensation and perception in adult learners

Websites with helpful information concerning adult learners

Books on Cognition and Aging