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Who are Adult Learners?
Barriers to Learning
Motivation / Self-directed Learning
Cognition / Sensation & Perception
Intelligence / Creativity
Theory/ Adult Learning / Androgogy
Linguistics / Metaphor
Welcome to Intelligence and Creativity!
We hope that you enjoy our Wiki site and find that it contributes to your ever-exponentially-expanding knowledge base! We have located relevant journal articles and books that have guided us in our quest to learn more about creativity and intelligence in the context of adult learning. The selected readings are located at the bottom of this page. Also, please enjoy a cartoon and myriad interesting resources.
Patsy, Lori, Dabra, and Heather
I found this cartoon when I was searching for articles on intelligence and creativity. Although some articles treat the two separately, I did find articles indicating a connection instead of a separation. This cartoon seemed like a perfect means of making one think about the connection between intelligence and creativity. Perhaps they are not as distinctly separate as this cartoon indicates.
Born to Explore! The Other Side of ADD
. This article addresses the little known fact that giftedness is oftentimes labeled ADD. The author argues that, "there is no correlation between IQ and creativity scores" ("How is Gifted Defined? section). [[Intelligence|]]
E. Paul Torrance
, the creator of the Torrance Test for Creativity.
Do what you love and can do well.
- E. Paul Torrance
are located via links from this site. They include:
Creativity at Work
Creativity for Life
Robert Alan Black's Creativity Challenges
American Creativity Association
National Association for Gifted Children
Creative Education Foundation
Creativity and Academics
Future Problem Solving Program
Climate for Innovation
Odyssey of the Mind
"There can be no doubt that some people are better at creating new ideas than others..."
Research on adult creativity typically depicts a bell curve, with a peak in the 30s and 40s and a noticeable drop afterward, leading to stereotypes of decline and deterioration in later life. However, Simonton (Adams-Price 1998; "Creativity in Later Life" 1991) puts several qualifiers on this notion of decline:
--The curve is merely a statistical average with numerous exceptions.
--The trajectory varies greatly across disciplines.
--Quantity of creative output may decline, but not quality.
--Substantial individual differences in creative potential outweigh age differences.
--"Late bloomers" attain creative peaks at later ages.
--A secondary peak or resurgence often occurs after the late 60s.
ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult Career and Vocational Education Columbus OH.
A growing body of research is examining how environmental factors affect the creativity of men and women in different ways. For many women, creative expression is limited by their education and training, cultural standards, lack of social support, and traditional gender expectations. Pohlman (1996) finds that, for men, creative identity is balanced by the experience of parenthood; for women, the two roles conflict.
"Assessing intelligence is easier than saying what it is. Various psychologists have come up with entirely different definitions..."
"We have power over other living creatures largely because we outdo them in our ability to use past experience to guide our plans for the future - in other words because we are so good at learning..."
Articles to read:
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Creativity in Adulthood_ ERIC Digest.htm
This is a brief 3 page discussion of the differences and similarities between intelligence, creativity, and wisdom. I found it intriguing; it will acclimate you with general ideas about our topic.
Self-Assessments for Intelligence and Creativity
The following sites take you to locations on the web where you can take actual tests to assess your intelligence and creativity. I use these with my education students and sometimes in my English classes. Try a few...you may find them enlightening.
Kingdomality: This test is based on Medieval occupations. You will answer a few multiple-choice type questions. From your answers, your Medieval occupation will be generated. This is a terrific site and can be used to teach intelligence or creativity concepts. I also use it with my Senior English classes when we study Chaucer and
. I am a Dreamer-Minstrel; this occupation assignment is absolutely accurate for me; it could not have been more precise.
Emotional Intelliegence Quotient: Again, this is a test I use with my students. It evaluates your emotional quotient. According to research discussed by Julie B. Thibodeaux, M.C.P. and D. Stephenson Bond, L.M.H.C, studies in the last 10 years indicate that perhaps one's EQ is as important, some argue more important, than one's IQ in predicting success. This simple test measures your EQ based on your answers to 10 multiple choice questions. The test is fascinating and the sites link to other avenues of intelligence testing.
Multiple Intelligence Test: Based upon Gardner's research, this test is a youth version (13-18 years), but the site lists test from age 8-adult. Simply check the statements that apply to you. At the end of the test, you can calculate your results. The site is amazing and offers lesson plans and suggestions for incorporating multiple intelligence with social studies, math, art, and science. This 77 item test is worth the effort to take; my results were insightful and accurate.
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